Showing posts from February, 2021

The next evolution in Office365 phishing campaigns

  It comes as no surprise that Office365 is one of the most targeted services for phishing attacks worldwide. Credentials for enterprise Microsoft accounts are some of the most valuable for threat actors who can leverage them for a number of activities with this initial access vector. This ranges from stealing emails, business email compromise (BEC), to internal spear-phishing and malware attacks. The latest wave of Office365 credential harvesting attacks involve multiple steps. This includes the phishing email itself, a malicious URL, a legitimate document hosting service (such as *.clickfunnels[.]com or *.larksuite[.]com ), and the fake login page. These kits are also known as a "LogoKit" for being able to dynamically alter the page's appearance based on the domain in the target's email address.  Demo of how this works: (Fig. 1 - Current phishing chain leveraged in this campaign from January to Februar

Latest wave of Cerberus targets English-speaking users

  Following the recent discoveries shared by @MalwareHunterTeam and @LukasStefanko on Twitter, I took a closer look at the ongoing Cerberus Android banking Trojan campaign. It has recently reared its head to target English-speaking users via a fake food delivery app: (Figure 1 - The fake website that drops food-delivery.apk) (Figure 2 - Downloading and granting permissions to the Trojanised application) If successfully downloaded and permissions are granted, the user's device is infected with a banking Trojan that shares multiple similarities to the infamous Cerberus Android banking Trojan. Further investigation in this campaign revealed the attacker's infrastructure through a mutual host, gTLD (.top), and the same registrant details.  Virus Total Graph of the campaign: Themes of Trojanised Applications distributed by this Cerberus operator: Cerberus web injects database: (Figure 3 - Picture of the Cerberus web injects database for reference) Analysis: The Cerberus

CTI Project: Using a Discord as a Threat Intelligence Dashboard

  Discord is one of the best platforms that has helped me get through 2020 after joining various online communities such as The Many Hats Club or participating in virtual conferences such as conINT .  As a cyber threat intelligence (CTI) analyst myself, I am often looking for new ways to consume news and find new threats, which I believe Discord (if configured correctly) can offer.  Although I do work for a Threat Intelligence Provider (TIP) with the ability to generate powerful dashboards that can scrape and feed me any source on the internet, not everyone else does. I like having a backup and having custom notifications that Discord can provide.  The Discord bot ecosystem is a great place due to developers generously offering their services for the community for free. There are premium services that can remove the rate limits and other caps but that's not really necessary if you use multiple bots like in this write up and for this specific use case. Here is how I currently have

Amadey Trojan distributed by DPRK-affiliated APT groups

  Malicious Word doucments titled “Pyongyang stores low on foreign goods amid North Korean COVID-19 paranoia.doc” were recently uploaded to malware submission sites such as ANY.RUN, VMRay, and VirusTotal: Analysis of the Word documents revealed that a VBA macro is used to drop a secondary payload and connects the infected device to the adversary’s command and control (C&C) server. The malware used in this attack is detected as the Amadey Trojan, a commodity tool used for credential harvesting and remote control by threat actors of all skill levels. The payload is hosted on a compromised website and is retrieved by the Amadey Trojan once the malicious macros are enabled. VirusTotal campaign graph: Analysis: Commodity malware, such as the Amadey Trojan, is a concern because it does not require its operator to have any development capability, only the capacity to deploy it. This increases the number of potential attackers in the ecosystem. Furthermore, commodity malware and